An Early History of Tucson, AZ

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This article is brought to you by the child sexual abuse law firm in Tucson. We encourage residents and visitors to learn more about how the city of Tucson came to be one of the most populous cities in Arizona and the U.S.

Summary of Tucson

Tucson is a city in Pima County, Arizona. The seat of the county, it is the second-largest city in the state and the 33rd largest city in the U.S., with a population of 554,503 people. Founded in 1775 as a military fort when Hugo O'Conor authorized the development of the Presidio San Agustín del Tucsón.

In 1821, after Mexico gained independence from the Spanish, the area was included in the state of Sonora. In 1853, the U.S. acquired 29,670 square miles of land that is now southern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase. From 1867 to 1877, Tucson was the capital of the Arizona Territory.

Based on archaeological excavations, it has been deduced that the Tucson area has been settled since 2100 BC by the Paleo-Indians. From AD 600 to 1450, the Hohokam Indians lived in the area and developed vast irrigation canal systems. After the U.S. acquired the land, the name Tucson was kept. It originated from the O'odham Cuk Ṣon, which means "at the mase of the black hill."

In 1877, the city of Tucson was incorporated. This made it the oldest incorporated city in the state. Today, Tucson has a total land area of 226.71 square miles, according to the United States Census Bureau. It includes the regions of Downtown and Central Tucson, Southern Tucson, Western Tucson, Northern Tucson and Eastern Tucson. Historic neighborhoods in the city are:

  • El Presidio
    • The oldest neighborhood in the city
  • Barrio Histórico
  • Armory Park
  • Barrio Anita
  • Barrio Tiburón
    • Fourth Avenue arts district
  • Barrio El Jardín
  • Barrio El Hoyo
  • Barrio Santa Rosa
    • A historic district on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP)
  • Feldman's
  • Menlo Park
  • Iron Horse
  • West University
  • Dunbar Spring
  • Pie Allen
  • Sam Hughes

You can also read on about Mesa, AZ, Through the Centuries.

University of Arizona

The University of Arizona was founded in 1885 and is the first university in the Arizona Territory. As of 2019, the public land-grant research university has a total enrollment of 45,918 students. It is home to 20 colleges, 23 schools, four campuses, and more than 300 undergraduate and graduate degrees. The university also offers over 600 student clubs and organizations.

In 2021, the U.S. News & World Report listed the University of Arizona among the top 40 public universities. It is also classified as an "R1: Doctoral Unversity – Very High Research Activity." The University of Arizona's main campus can be found in the City of Tucson. It is bounded by North Campbell Avenue. East Speedway Boulevard, North Euclid Avenue and East 6th Street.

Things To Do

The City of Tucson is home to many recreational spaces. For residents and visitors who find pleasure outdoors while hiking, biking, going on walks, visiting the zoo or play sports, there are the Gene C. Reid Park, Reid Park Zoo, Randolph Dell Urich Golf Course, Tucson Botanical Gardens, IRON HORSE PARK, Kino Sports Complex, Sentinel Peak Park ("A" Mountain), and Santa Cruz River Park.

For those who want a more educational form of recreation, there are the Pima Air & Space Museum, the Mini Time Machin Museum of Miniatures, Arizona State Museum, Tucson Museum Of Art, Children's Museum Tucson, Museum of Contemporary Art Tucson, and the Southern Arizona Transportation Museum. Downtown Tucson is also a hub filled with entertainment, shopping and dining options.

Mount Lemmon

Mount Lemmon is 0ne of the 27 unique sky islands of the Southwestern United States. Named after botanist Sara Lemmon, it is the highest peak of the Santa Catalina Mountains. Located just northeast of the City of Tucson, the entire mountain range is a popular vacation spot for hiking, cycling, camping, birding, snowboarding and skiing.

A small town called Summerhaven is situated near the top of Mount Lemmon. It features log houses and cabins, a number of shops, a general store and various hiking trails. Also on the summit is the Mount Lemmon Sky Center. Operated by the University of Arizona's Steward Observatory, it is open to the public for visitation.

Our Local Office

If you have been a victim of abuse as a child, you may still be entitled to compensation. Contact our Tucson child sexual abuse attorneys to discuss the detail of your potential case. We will help you determine the legal options you have available and assist you in getting the justice you deserve. Schedule your free consultation today.

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